Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) has become standard for enterprises trying to secure data and authenticate machines on the move. X.509 certificates, often leveraged in the form of SSL/TLS certificates, are just one of the many PKI systems widely adopted by enterprises. All these systems operate on the principle of private and public encryption keys, which are used to encrypt and decrypt information, respectively. This makes a private key the single most important asset of any security infrastructure. When a private key is uncovered by malicious actors, valuable data is compromised through the impersonation of an enterprise's servers. And unfortunately, many enterprises are still using faulty, and often non-compliant key management processes that leave their most valuable data susceptible to theft and misappropriation. There is a need for certificate management systems that integrate with key security structures such as HSMs, to ensure that key circulation remains a closed-loop process.